Location of Daya Bay

The proposed experimental site is located at the east side of the Dapeng peninsula, on the west coast of Daya Bay, where the coastline goes from southwest to northeast. It is in the Dapeng township of the Longgang Administrative District, Shenzhen Municipality, Guangdong Province. There are hills and mountain ranges on the north. The geographic location is east longitudinal 114o33'00" and north latitude 22o36'00".

The experimental site is close to two mega cities, Hong Kong and Shenzhen and one medium city, Huizhou. The Shenzhen City is 45 km to the west, Hong Kong 55 km to the southwest, and the border of the Huizhou - Daya Bay Economic Development Zone 10 km to the north, all measured in direct distances. Shenzhen, once a small border town before 1979, is the first Special Economic Zone in China. With a total population of about 7 million, many international corporations have their Asian headquarters there. It is both a key commercial and tourist hot spot in South China. The city is ranked fourth in GDP, third in revenue among China's cities, second in container handling capacity, and first for seven consecutive years in import and export volumes which account for one-seventh of the whole of china. Shenzhen Bao'an international Airport is one of the four largest airports in china and an air cargo hub for the South China region.

There is no railway within a radius of 15 km of the site. The highway from Daya Bay NPP to Dapeng Township (Wang Mu) is of the second-class grade and 12 m wide. The Dapeng Township is connected to Shenzhen, Hong Kong, and Guangzhou by highways which are either of the first-class grade or expressways.

There are two maritime shipping lines near the site in Daya Bay, one on the east side and the other on the west side of the Central Archipelago. Oil tankers to and from Nanhai Petrochemical, a $4.3 billion joint venture of Shell and China National Offshore Oil Corporation, use the east line. The Huizhou Harbor, which is located on the Quandao peninsula, is 13 km north of the site. Two general-purpose 10,000-ton docks were constructed in 1989. Their functions include transporting passengers, sundry goods, construction materials, and petroleum products. These transportation ships use the west line. The minimum distance from the west line to the site is about 6 km. Two restricted docks of 3000-ton and 5000-ton capacity, respectively, have been constructed during the construction of the Daya Bay NPP.